Annapurna region situated in the heart of Nepal; dominated by the Annapurna Himalayas. The region Annapurna has been wildly recognized as a naturalist's paradise. The upper sub-alpine steppe environment harbors some of the rare snow leopards, Himalayan Thar and blue sheep. Other areas of the region protect bird species such as the multi-colored Impeyan, kokla, blood pheasant amongst a multitude of other birds, butterflies and insects. Many plants inclusive herbal medicine native to Nepal are found in this forest. The conservation area has 100 varieties of orchids and some of the richest temperate colorful rhododendron forest in the world. Trek into the Annapurna region has easy access, nice hotels in the hills are plentiful, and treks here offer good scenery of both high mountains and lowland villages. Trekking in this region will start from 600 meter above sea level and Thorong la about 5416 m of Annapurna is recognized the world’s widest pass and one of the top first trek destination in the world.
Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP)
ACAP was established in 1986 under the guidance of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation. The project encompasses the entire Annapurna range, more than 7600 sq km. In an innovative approach to environmental protection, it was declared a "conservation area" instead of a national park. A large number of people live within the protected region, but traditional national park practices dictate that few, if any, people reside within park boundaries. In an effort to avoid any conflicts of interest, ACAP has sought the involvement of local people and has emphasized environmental education.
ACAP projects include the training of lodge owners, with an emphasis on sanitation, deforestation and cultural pride. They have trained trekking lodge operators and encouraged hoteliers to charge a fair price for food and accommodation and cooking foods by kerosene. ACAP is supported by a "conservation fee" of Rs 2000 that is collected from all trekkers except SAARC who obtain trekking permits for the Annapurna region.