NEPAL offers Nepal 10 world heritage sites which are most popular explore. UNESCO world heritage sites sightseeing / hiking /tours in Nepal are very important for upcoming generation. In Kathmandu valley there are three cities and all these cities has the unesco world heritage sites. Nepal is the only one country in the world top 10 unesco world heritage sites to explore. Nepal has mainly three different types of world heritage sites and they are very popular in the sense of art and architecture, culture and religion and the last one is natural heritage site.
1) Art and architecture world heritage site:
Kathmandu or Kastamandapa is the Capital city of Nepal and is very rich in art and architecture. In Kathmandu valley there are three measure cities and in each city there are old royal palaces which are used by our ancient kings. These royal palaces are very rich in art and architecture which were developed in 12th century to 18th century in between. One can observe and study that art and architecture. So UNESCO kept them in the list of world heritage sites.
Kathmandu Durbar Square and surrounding
In the heart of old Kathmandu city in Basantapur never fails to impress first time visitors with its intricate wood carvings and rich history. Surrounded by concrete buildings, the complex is an oasis in a fast developing, chaotic modern city. Once the residence of Nepal Royal family, all coronation ceremonies were held here. The palace is an amalgamation of eastern and western architecture with additions by Rana and Shah Rulers over the centuries. An unbelievable 50 temples lie within the vicinity including the temple of the titular deity, Taleju Bhawani. The Durbar is divided into two courtyards, the outer Kasthamandap, Kumari Ghar, and Shiva-Parvati Temple, and the inner section consisting of Hanuman Dhoka and the main palace. Some floors have been converted to museums dedicated to three generations of Shah Kings. Most parts of the palace premises are open to tourists throughout the week.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Tyatepole square and Dattarya Square
The least busy among the durbar squares is Bhaktapur Durbar Square in the center of Bhaktapur city. Show casing architecture that dates back to the Malla period, the square is the most charming, with wide open spaces that are off limits to vehicular traffic. In Bhaktapur you will see some of the finest medieval arts of Nepal. Of particular interest are: the Golden Gate, Fifty-five Windows and the beautiful statue of King Bhupatindra Malla mounted on a giant stone pillar. The Golden Gate was erected by King Ranjit Malla as the entrance to the main courtyard of the Fifty-five Window Palace. The Palace of Fifty-five Windows was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in 1427 A.D.and was re-modelled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the 17th Century. The Art Gallery has a fascinating collection of ancient manuscripts, thangkas, centuries-old stone sculpture, antique paintings that belong to the Hindu and Buddhist traditions of various periods. This gallery is open every day of the week except Tuesday. Then after we will drive to Kathmandu if we have time we will visit Narayanhiti Palace Museum where in 2001 AD. The Royal family massacred.
Patan Durbar square / Lalitpur city tours:
Situated the heart of the city constitutes the focus of visitor's attraction. The square is full of ancient palaces, temples and shrines, noted for their exquisite carvings. The Patan Durbar square consists of three main Chowk, Sundari Chowk and Keshav Narayan Chowk. The Sundari Chowk holds in the center a masterpiece of stone architecture, the Rayal bath called Tushshity. KRISHNA MANDIR. Built in the seventeenth century, the temple of Lord Krishna holds a commanding position in the palace complex of Patan. It is supposed to be the first specimen of Shikhara style architecture in Nepal. It is the only temple having 21 spires and is completely. Hear main point we are going to see:
1. PATAN DURBAR SQUARE,
2. KRISHNA MANDIR,
3. MAHABOUDHA TEMPLE,
4. HIRANYA VERNA MAHAVIHAR.
And many more temples we will see from this place. This two old city visits after that we will back to hotel to enjoy evening dinner.
Cultural and religious heritage sites
Kathmandu is the home of temples, Stupas and monasteries. Hindu and Buddhist text said in ancient time many religious sage, religious masters, gods and goddess came to Kathmandu valley and did hard mediation. Therefore Kathmandu valley is the spiritual valley or city. The art and architecture used in temples and stupas gives the great meaning or value of culture and religion. So UNESCO decided them to keep in the list of world heritage sites. In Nepal there are five very important monuments that listed in the world heritage sites. Lumbini is the birth place of the Lord Buddha, Pashupatinath and Changunarayan are very important Hindu temple, Swyambhunath and bouddhanath are the biggest stupa in the south Asia. They are not only important in religious value but important in the great value of art and architecture.
Pashupatinath Temple world heritage tours
One of the most sacred Hindu shrines in the world, Pashupatinath lies 5 km east from the city center. The richly-ornamented pagoda houses the sacred lingam, or phallic symbol, of Lord Shiva as well as the noteworthy gold plated roofs and silver coated doors. This is the abode of God Shiva and is the holiest of all the Shiva shrines. Religious pilgrims and Sadhus, like the one pictured here, travel all the way from the remote areas of India to visit this sacred sight, especially during Shivaratri (the night of Shiva) that falls between February/March. Even though these devotees have denounced worldly possessions, each carries a Sadhus ID (identifications card) to freely cross over the border between India and Nepal. Chronicles indicate Pashupatinath existence prior to 400 AD. Devotees can be seen taking ritual dips in the holy Bagmati River flowing beside the temple, also a World Heritage Site. The crematorium is just outside the temple and it is a dream of almost every Hindu to be cremated by the side of Pashupati Aryaghat after their death.
Baudhanath Stupa world heritage tours
Boudhnath stupa is about 6 km east of downtown Kathmandu and is the largest stupa in the Valley and one of the largest in the world. It looms 36 meters high and presents one of the most fascinating specimens of stupa design with hundreds of prayer wheels and 108 small images of Buddha all around. Just like the Swayambhunath, the stupa here is too has four sides with the watchful eyes of Lord Buddha. All the Buddhist throng to this stupa to take part in the sacred rituals during the Buddhist festivals.
Swayambhunath Stupa world heritage tours
Swayambhu literally means 'Self-Existent One.' Swayambhunath is believed to have been established more than 2,500 years ago. According to translations from an inscription dating back to 460 A.D., it was built by King Mandeva and by the 13th century, Swayambhunath had developed into an important center of Buddhism. Legend has it that Swayambhu was born out of a lotus flower that bloomed in the middle of the lake which the Kathmandu valley once was. The largest image of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Nepal was recently built on the western boundary of Swayambhu. Behind the hilltop is a temple dedicated to Manjusri or Saraswoti - the Goddess of learning. Chaityas, statues and shrines of Buddhist and Hindu deities fill the stupa complex. The base of the hill is almost entirely surrounded by prayer wheels that were recently installed. Devotees can be seen circumambulating the stupa at all times. The stupa sits atop the hill and the exceedingly steep stone steps leading up to the shrine is quite a challenge. However there is also a road going up almost to the top and you can drive up. A large numbers of Buddhists and Hindus alike visit Swayambhunath throughout the day. Swayambhu is perhaps the best place to observe religious harmony in Nepal.
- Changunarayan temple world heritage tours The Changu Narayan temple is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. This temple is supposed to be the oldest temples of Nepal. The Lichchhavi kings observed Sri Champak or Changu Narayan with great devotion and respect. Similarly, the Malla kings also protected this temple with great devotion. It is situated in the north from Bhaktapur Durbar. The Hindus, Bouddha and Shakyas come to observe and worship in the temple of Sri Changu Narayan. The Changu Narayan festival is observed in the mouth of Magh every year. The statue of Sri Changunarayan is given bath in the Shali River of Shankhu. It is the tradition of bring this statue of Hanuman Dhoka after worship. This temple is of Lord Vishnu and it is an old temple built by King Vishnu Hari Datta Verma in 325 AD. This temple is rich in its structural design and architecture.
Lumbini world heritage tours (Birth place of Lord Buddha)
The Lumbini Site is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. Lumbini is situated in the south west of Terai belt. This place is the center of religious pilgrimage for millions of Buddhists. This place is known in the world as the birth place of Lord Gautam Buddha. The Buddhist come to visit and worship to this place. Devotees come to worship form abroad. Various kinds of natural heritage are found here. Lumbini is the most sacred place for Buddhist as well as glorious for the country because Sakyamuni or Siddhartha Gautam Buddha was born here in 623 AD. This place lies 1 km west of Siddarthnagar (Bhairahawa) in the Rupandehi district of Lumbini zone. It is said that in those days, Lumbini was a beautiful garden full of green shady Sal trees. Both Nepal government and the United Nations organization have taken a keen interest in its development etc.
Natural heritage sites
In Nepal we have two Natural heritage sites. One is the Chitwan National park and another is Sagarmatha or Everest national park. Chitwan is full of dense forest and house of the more than 450 species of birds, royal Bengal tiger, one horned Rhino, Gharil Crocodile, Asian elephant and sloth bear. In general Chitwan National park is very rich in flora and fauna. Sagarmatha national park is another natural heritage site in Nepal that is the Home of the world’s highest Mountain Mount Everest as well as hundreds of peaks. This is one of the best trekking trails in the Nepal. Each year thousands of trekkers visit the foot of the Mount Everest.
Mount Everest / Sagarmatha National Park world heritage tours
The Sagarmatha National Park is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. The Sagarmatha national park is the world’s highest national park located above 3000 meter (9700 ft.). This park was established in 2032 B.S. (1975 AD). The highest peak of the world Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) and other important peaks lie in this region. This park was included in the list of World Heritage Site in the year 2039 B.S (19th July, 1976) as ‘contains superlative natural beauty and is of great aesthetic importance’. This park was created on 19th July, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979.
Chitwan National Park: World Heritage Site in Nepal
Rhonceros in Chitwan national park nepalThe Chitwan National Park is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. Chitwan National Park is the oldest and first park in Nepal. It was established in 2030 B.S. (1973AD) following approval by the late King Mahendra in December 1970. This park lies in the plain area of mid-south region of Inner Terai. It is in the heart of the jungle of Terai. Its total area is 932 square kilometers. It is one of the most important sub-tropical lowland parks in Nepal. It has been included under the list of World Heritage Site in 2041 B.S. (1984 AD.). read more about Chitwan National Park.